• Chemistry
  • Year 12

Acids and Bases

approx. 15 hrs

16 topics

91 concepts

Develop critical skills and understanding of Acids and Bases

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The Acids and Bases program is aligned to Module 6 of the NSW syllabus. Students will cover IUPAC nomenclature and reactions of acids, Arrhenius and Bronsted/Lowry definitions of Acids and Bases, strength of acids and bases, pH calculations, buffers and titration. This is a critical component of the final examinations for Chemistry. 

Topics & Concepts We Cover

This learning program is made up of the following 16 topics, broken down into 91 concepts.

  • Resource: Periodic Table 1 concept

    1. The Periodic Table

  • Introduction to Acids and Bases 7 concepts

    1. IUPAC Nomenclature of Acids

    2. Naming Oxoacids

    3. Naming Binary Inorganic Acids

    4. Bases

    5. Hydronium Ions

    6. Acids

    7. Acids or Bases?

  • Natural Indicators 3 concepts

    1. Natural Indicators

    2. Acid-Base Indicators

    3. pH of Common Substances

  • Reactions of Acids 6 concepts

    1. Reactions of Acids

    2. Acid + Metal Oxide

    3. Neutralisation Reactions

    4. Acid + Metal Hydroxide

    5. Acid + Metal Carbonate

    6. Acid + Metal Reactions

  • Everyday Neutralisation Reactions 5 concepts

    1. Neutralisation at Home

    2. Neutralisation in Industry

    3. Everyday Applications of Neutralisation Reactions

    4. Neutralisation in Agriculture

    5. Neutralisation in Medecine

  • Enthalpy of Neutralisation 2 concepts

    1. Enthalpy of Neutralisation

    2. Measuring the Enthalpy of Neutralisation

  • Definitions of Acids and Bases 6 concepts

    1. Advances of Arrhenius Definitions

    2. Drawbacks of Arrhenius Definitions

    3. Brönsted/Lowry Acids and Bases

    4. Definitions of Acids

    5. Arrhenius Acids and Bases

    6. Ionisation vs. Dissociation

  • Acid and Base Strength 13 concepts

    1. Strength vs. Concentration

    2. Strength of Conjugate Acid-Base Pairs

    3. Direction of Acid-Base Reactions

    4. Conjugate Acid-Base Pairs

    5. Comparing Arrhenius and Brönsted/Lowry Definitions

    6. Strong Bases vs. Weak Bases

    7. Distinguishing Strength with Hydrolysis Reactions

    8. Strong Acids vs. Weak Acids

    9. Common Strong Bases and Common Weak Bases

    10. Classifying Acids

    11. Common Strong Acids and Common Weak Acids

    12. Amphiprotic Species

    13. Polyprotic Acids

  • Acid Ionisation Constant 2 concepts

    1. Acid Ionisation Constant

    2. Magnitude of the Acid Ionisation Constant

  • pH Scale and Calculations 17 concepts

    1. Calculating pH, pOH, [H3O+] and [OH?]

    2. pH and Strength of Acids and Bases

    3. pH after Dilution

    4. pH after Neutralisation Reactions

    5. pH of Combined Solutions of Strong Acids or Strong Bases

    6. Calculating pH of Strong Acids and Bases

    7. Calculating pOH

    8. Relationship between pH and pOH

    9. Calculating [H3O+] and [OH?] using pH

    10. Calculating pH using [H3O+]

    11. Calculating [H3O+] and [OH?] using Kw

    12. Ion-Product Constant Kw

    13. The pOH Scale

    14. The pH Scale

    15. The pH Scale and Significant Figures

    16. Autoionisation of Water

    17. pH of Common Substances

  • Buffer Solutions 4 concepts

    1. Buffer Solutions

    2. Importance of Buffers in Blood

    3. Tips for Answering Questions on Buffers

    4. How Buffer Solutions Work

  • Acidic and Basic Salts 6 concepts

    1. Salts and Solutions formed from Neutralisation Reactions

    2. Basic Solutions from Neutralisation Reactions

    3. Determining the Acidity/Basicity of Solutions after Neutralisation

    4. Acidic Solutions from Neutralisation Reactions

    5. Neutral Solutions from Neutralisation Reactions

    6. Neutralisation Reactions

  • Titration 7 concepts

    1. Equipment used in Titration

    2. Good Technique in Titration

    3. Titration

    4. How to Perform a Titration

    5. Vocabulary used in Titration

    6. Preparing for Titration

    7. Equivalence Point vs. End Point

  • Titration Calculations 4 concepts

    1. Back Titration Calculations

    2. Titration Calculations

    3. Titration Calculations involving Concordant Results

    4. Back Titration

  • Titration Curves 5 concepts

    1. Weak Acid + Strong Base Titration Curves

    2. Strong Acid + Weak Base Titration Curves

    3. Information from Titration Curves

    4. Strong Acid + Strong Base Titration Curves

    5. Titration Curves

  • Indicators 3 concepts

    1. Selecting an Indicator

    2. How Indicators Work

    3. Acid-Base Indicators

What you'll get

Learning Content

  • A customised learning plan to suit your needs, adapting to your pace as you learn, progress and achieve mastery
  • All the content required to help you master the syllabus, including theory, worked examples, exam preparation and practice questions

An Expert Tutor

  • We match you to a private, expert tutor who is right for your needs and goals
  • Our tutors are talented, tested, top ATAR achievers and subject experts
  • During each session, your tutor guides you through your learning program, providing real-time, live expert tutoring in Acids and Bases


  • Access information at every stage showing what's been mastered, what areas need to be worked on and what's next
  • You and your parents receive a comprehensive feedback report after every session
  • Every session is recorded and available for you to watch at any time, allowing you to review what was covered

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